Vessel and its cargo could also help clarify the importance of Cascais on the spice route
Archaeologists in Portugal have discovered peppercorns, fragments of Chinese porcelain and bronze cannon among the sunken remains of a 400-year-old ship that once sailed the spice route between Europe and India.
The wreck of the still-unidentified vessel was found at the beginning of September by a team of experts surveying an area of sea around the fishing port of Cascais, about 15 miles west of Lisbon.
The wreck site, which sits about 12 metres below the surface, is about 100 metres long and 50 metres wide.
The teams say the discovery will shed light on both Portugals trading past and Cascaiss place within it. We found the ship on 4 September, using a geophysical survey and divers, and spent four days working on the site, said Jorge Freire, a maritime archaeologist and scientific director of the underwater archeological survey.
He said divers had also come across cowrie shells, which were used in the slave trade.
We dont know the name of the ship, but its a Portuguese ship from the late 16th or early 17th century, he said, adding that the team had been able to put a rough date on the wreck as the cannon bore the Portuguese coat of arms and the porcelain belonged to the Wanli period (1573-1619).
It tells us a great deal about Cascaiss maritime history and identity, said Freire. Its like weve been telling the local people here: this is a great discovery and its greatness lies in what it, and the artefacts, can tell is about the cultural landscape.
The pieces will now be examined by the Portuguese governments directorate-general for cultural heritage.
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